Brandy Rayana Norwood born February 11, , better known by her mononym Brandy , is an American singer, songwriter, record producer, actress and businesswoman. After signing with Atlantic Records in , she released her self-titled debut album the following year, which sold six million copies worldwide. In , Norwood began starring in the UPN sitcom Moesha as the title character, which lasted six seasons and resulted in numerous other roles. Throughout the s, Norwood held a precarious position in the pop industry. In , she starred in the reality series Brandy: Special Delivery , documenting the birth of her daughter.
Brandy , alcoholic beverage distilled from wine or a fermented fruit mash. The term used alone generally refers to the grape product; brandies made from the wines or fermented mashes of other fruits are commonly identified by the specific fruit name. With the exception of certain fruit types, known as white types, brandies are usually aged. Aging in wooden containers deepens colour to amber, the use of paraffin-lined casks or earthenware maintains the original clear colour, and the addition of a caramel solution darkens colour. Beverage brandy contains about 50 percent alcohol by volume; brandy used to fortify sherry , Madeira , and the other dessert wines contains about 80—95 percent alcohol by volume. Like other distilled liquor , brandy does not improve after bottling. Star or letter designations , formerly indicating age, are used by shippers to express product quality. Commercial distillation of brandy from wine originated in the 16th century.
Brandy is a liquor produced by distilling wine. Some brandies are aged in wooden casks. Others are coloured with caramel colouring to imitate the effect of aging, and some are produced using a combination of both aging and colouring. Varieties of wine brandy can be found across the winemaking world. Among the most renowned are Cognac and Armagnac from southwestern France. In a broader sense, the term brandy also denotes liquors obtained from the distillation of pomace yielding pomace brandy , or mash or wine of any other fruit fruit brandy. The origins of brandy are tied to the development of distillation. While the process was known in classical times, it was not used for significant beverage production until the 15th century. Canoemen and guards on the African side of the trade were generally paid in brandy. By the late 17th century rum had replaced brandy as the exchange alcohol of choice in the triangle trade.
Victor Hugo called cognac the " liquor of the gods. Here's a primer on the liquors. Brandy generally refers to a distilled spirit made from fermented fruit juice. It can be produced using grapes or fruit. Calvados, for instance, is an apple brandy from the Normandy region in France. Cognac , meanwhile, must be made from white grapes from one of six different terroirs; the Ugni Blanc grape variety is its primary ingredient, and grapes from " Grande Champagne " terroir are the most coveted.